Sildenafil belongs to a group of medicines called phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitors. These medicines prevent an enzyme called phosphodiesterase type-5 from working too quickly. The penis is one of the areas where this enzyme works.
Erectile dysfunction is a condition where the penis does not harden and expand when a man is sexually excited, or when he cannot keep an erection. When a man is sexually stimulated, his body’s normal response is to increase blood flow to his penis to produce an erection. By controlling the enzyme, sildenafil helps to maintain an erection after the penis is stroked. Without physical action to the penis, such as that occurring during sexual intercourse, sildenafil will not work to cause an erection.
Sildenafil is also used in both men and women to treat the symptoms of pulmonary arterial hypertension. This is a type of high blood pressure that occurs between the heart and the lungs. When hypertension occurs in the lungs, the heart must work harder to pump enough blood through the lungs. Sildenafil works on the PDE5 enzyme in the lungs to relax the blood vessels. This will increase the supply of blood to the lungs and reduce the workload of the heart.
Carnitine is a naturally occurring compound in the body that plays a critical role in energy production. It is derived from the amino acids lysine and methionine and is primarily found in animal products, such as meat and dairy.
The main function of carnitine is to transport long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria, which are the energy-producing organelles within cells. Once inside the mitochondria, these fatty acids can be oxidized or “burned” to generate energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Carnitine is essential for the proper functioning of the heart and skeletal muscles, as they heavily rely on fatty acids for energy. It also helps regulate fat metabolism and may play a role in maintaining healthy blood lipid levels.
While the body can synthesize carnitine on its own, some individuals, such as those with certain genetic disorders, may have difficulty producing or utilizing carnitine. In such cases, carnitine supplements may be prescribed to address the deficiency.
Carnitine has gained popularity as a dietary supplement and is marketed for various purposes, including weight loss, athletic performance enhancement, and boosting energy levels. However, the scientific evidence supporting these claims is limited and inconclusive. It’s important to consult a healthcare professional before taking any supplements, including carnitine, to determine if they are suitable for your specific needs and health conditions.
HOW IS CARNITINE ADMINISTERED?
For intramuscular injections, carnitine is injected directly into the muscle tissue using a syringe and needle. The injection site is typically a large muscle, such as the thigh or buttock. You begin by cleaning the injection site, insert the needle into the muscle, and slowly inject the carnitine solution. Afterward, the injection site may be massaged gently to disperse the solution.
Your medication comes with the needed syringes and dosing instructions.